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Mesenchymal Stem Cells Enhanced Cardiac Nerve Sprouting via Nerve Growth Factor in a Rat Model of Myocardial Infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23844741     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) alters the ventricular electrophysiologic properties after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. However, it is unclear whether MSCs transplantation enhances the secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF) and affects cardiac sympathetic remodeling. Methods: MI was induced in 35 male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two weeks later, the animals were randomized to MSCs or phosphate buffer solution (PBS) injections into the infarcted myocardium. Six weeks thereafter, the expressions of NGF, growth associated protein 43 (GAP43) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were measured and the density of GAP43 and TH positive nerves was calculated in the border-zone. NGF levels were detected in different culture conditions with neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs, 2x105/well) and MSCs (2x105/well). Results: Compared with PBS, mRNA expression and protein levels of NGF, GAP43 and TH increased in the border zone after MSCs injection. Immunohistochemistry showed more GAP43- and TH-positive nerves in the MSCs than in the PBS group. Compared to mono-cultured MSCs, mono-cultured NRVMs secreted more NGF in vitro. Conclusions: The expression of NGF increased after MSCs transplantation, which may affect sympathetic remodeling and the electrophysiological properties after MI. Paracrine factors secreted by MSC-CM may be involved in this process.
Authors:
Jian Chen; Shaoxin Zheng; Hui Huang; Suihua Huang; Changqing Zhou; Jingying Hou; Jieyu Jiang; Jingfeng Wang; Wei Wu; Tong Wang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current pharmaceutical design     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4286     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Pharm. Des.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602487     Medline TA:  Curr Pharm Des     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, 107 Yanjiang Xi Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 107 Yanjiang Xi Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China tongwang163@yahoo.com.cn.
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