Document Detail

Mesencephalic neuronal populations. New insights on the ventral differentiation programs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23059883     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The midbrain is a complex structure where different functions are located. This formation is mainly involved in the visual and auditory information process (tectum) and visual movements and motor coordination (tegmentum). Here we display a complete description of midbrain anatomy based on the prosomeric model and of the developmental events that take place to generate this structure. We also summarize the new data about the differentiation and specification of the basal populations of the midbrain. The neural tube suffers the influence of several secondary organizers. These signaling centers confer exact positional information to the neuroblasts. In the midbrain these centers are the Isthmic organizer for the antero-posterior axis and the floor and roof plates for the dorso-ventral axis. This segment of the brain contains, in the dorsal part, structures such as the collicula (superior and inferior), tectal grey and the preisthmic segment, and in the basal plate, neuronal populations such as the oculomotor complex, the dopaminergic substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area, the reticular formation and the periacueductal grey. Knowledge of the genetic cascades involved in the differentiation programs of the diverse populations will be extremely important to understand not only how the midbrain develops, but how degenerative pathologies, such as Parkinson's disease, occurs. These cascades are triggered by signaling molecules such as Shh, Fgf8 or Wnt1 and are integrated by receptor complexes and transcription factors. These are directly responsible for the induction or repression of the differentiation programs that will produce a specific neuronal phenotype.
J A Moreno-Bravo; J E Martinez-Lopez; E Puelles
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Histology and histopathology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1699-5848     ISO Abbreviation:  Histol. Histopathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8609357     Medline TA:  Histol Histopathol     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1529-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Neuroscience of Alicante, CSIC and University of Miguel Hernandez, Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain.
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