Document Detail


Mercury in the Amazon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9666740     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Release and spreading of mercury from gold mining is a widespread problem in the Amazon area. Today we have rather good knowledge of the mercury situation. Tens of investigations have considered mainly concentrations in fish and human hair. Metallic mercury is used for amalgamation of gold, and the mercury is released by evaporation at reburning sites. The first extraction (burning) is performed in the field at the garimpos and the second (reburning) in gold shops in towns. This practice may cause severe exposure to elemental mercury by inhalation for people working with gold purification. Mercury is also released in substantial amounts to rivers and lakes. This mercury may be bioaccumulated as methylmercury in aquatic food chains. Predatory fish often contain mercury in concentrations that far exceed the safety norms in Brazil. As many people eat fish daily, there is a high exposure to methylmercury. Neurological disorders have been found in exposed persons. Methylmercury concentrations in hair are often at levels that may cause clinical symptoms of Minamata disease. The greatest health hazard index values have been estimated for people eating contaminated fish.
Authors:
M Lodenius; O Malm
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology     Volume:  157     ISSN:  0179-5953     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Environ Contam Toxicol     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-29     Completed Date:  1998-07-29     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703602     Medline TA:  Rev Environ Contam Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Limnology and Environmental Protection, University of Helsinki, Finland. martin.lodenius@helsinki.fi
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Brazil
Environmental Monitoring*
Humans
Mercury / adverse effects,  analysis*,  pharmacokinetics
Methylmercury Compounds / adverse effects,  analysis,  pharmacokinetics
Mining
Public Health
Soil Pollutants / analysis*
Tissue Distribution
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Methylmercury Compounds; 0/Soil Pollutants; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 7439-97-6/Mercury

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Water-induced errors in continuous-flow carbon isotope ratio mass spectrometry.
Next Document:  Metal pollution in coastal areas of Mexico.