Document Detail


Mental rotation in schizophrenia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16182569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Motor imagery provides a direct insight into action representations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the level of impairment of action monitoring in schizophrenia by evaluating the performance of schizophrenic patients on mental rotation tasks. We raised the following questions: (1) Are schizophrenic patients impaired in motor imagery both at the explicit and at the implicit level? (2) Are body parts more difficult for them to mentally rotate than objects? (3) Is there any link between the performance and the hallucinating symptom profile? The schizophrenic patients (n = 13) displayed the same pattern of performance as the control subjects (n = 13). More particularly, schizophrenic patients' reaction time varied as a function of the angular disparity of the stimuli. On the other hand, they were significantly slower and less accurate. Interestingly, patients suffering from hallucinations made significantly more errors than non-hallucinatory patients. We discussed these latter results in terms of deficit of the forward model. We emphasized the necessity to distinguish different levels of action, more or less impaired in schizophrenia.
Authors:
Frédérique de Vignemont; Tiziana Zalla; Andrés Posada; Anne Louvegnez; Olivier Koenig; Nicolas Georgieff; Nicolas Franck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-09-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Consciousness and cognition     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1053-8100     ISO Abbreviation:  Conscious Cogn     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-24     Completed Date:  2006-11-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9303140     Medline TA:  Conscious Cogn     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  295-309     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut des Sciences Cognitives, UMR 5015, 67 Bd Pinel, 69675 Bron, France. fvignemont@isc.cnrs.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use
Female
Functional Laterality
Hallucinations
Humans
Male
Mental Processes*
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Reference Values
Schizophrenia / drug therapy
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antipsychotic Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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