Document Detail

Mental health symptoms in Iraqi refugees: posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19172969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Refugees suffer from a higher rate of mental health symptoms than the general population since they have experienced extreme suffering and the accumulated effects of trauma. Because of the diversity of regions from which refugees originate, there is a need to understand some of the unique experiences that are specific to each sub-groups of immigrants. The purpose of the present study was to explore mental health symptoms in Iraqi refugee clients who immigrated to the United States after the Gulf War of the early 1990's. As part of a larger study, 116 adult Iraqi immigrants to the United States (46 male, 70 females) who were seeking mental health services completed measures of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. As expected, the majority of refugees reported intense anxiety and depression, and many met the DSM IV criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. Like refugees from other countries-of-origin, Iraqi refugees are in need of culturally sensitive assessment and mental health treatment. The results are discussed in light of the treatment needs of Iraqi refugee clients, their resilience and motivation for a better life, and the ways that health professionals can assist in optimizing their adjustment.
Hikmet Jamil; Mohamed Farrag; Julie Hakim-Larson; Talib Kafaji; Husam Abdulkhaleq; Adnan Hammad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cultural diversity     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1071-5568     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cult Divers     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-28     Completed Date:  2009-02-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9439196     Medline TA:  J Cult Divers     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-25     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, 15400 West McNichols, Second Floor, Detroit, Michigan, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / diagnosis,  ethnology*
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  ethnology*
Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
Gulf War
Iraq / ethnology
Mental Health Services / organization & administration
Middle Aged
Needs Assessment
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / ethnology*
Refugees / psychology*
Severity of Illness Index
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis,  ethnology*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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