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Mental disorders in primary care in Israel: prevalence and risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23287822     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric morbidity is common among patients in primary care services and leads to disability and increased use of medical services. Comparison of primary care and community prevalence data is of interest in relation to the health services planning for mental disorders. The aim of the present study was to measure prevalence of mental disorders in six primary care clinics in Israel and to assess risk factors for these disorders. METHOD: Prevalence of mental disorders was measured in a sample of 2,948 primary care consecutive attendees, using two-stage stratified sampling with the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). RESULTS: A high rate (46.3 %) of current mental disorders was found, with rates of current depressive episode, generalized anxiety disorder, somatization disorder, and neurasthenia being relatively high in comparison with rates in other countries. Low education was a risk factor for all categories of disorders, unemployment a risk factor for depressive disorders, and parenthood was protective for most categories of disorders. CONCLUSIONS: High rates of mental disorders were found in this Israeli primary care sample as compared to other countries, while in the community the rates were midrange as compared to other countries, pointing to a relatively higher use of primary care services by patients with mental disorders in Israel than in other countries.
Authors:
Neil Laufer; Nelly Zilber; Pablo Jecsmien; Binyamin Maoz; Daniel Grupper; Haggai Hermesh; Royi Gilad; Abraham Weizman; Hanan Munitz
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804358     Medline TA:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Herzliya Mental Health Clinic, Jaffa Mental Health Centre, Hadar Street 2, Herzliya, 46290, Israel, Neil.Laufer@MKY.HEALTH.GOV.IL.
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