Document Detail

Menstrual dysfunction and hormonal status in athletic women: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7030795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Since women have become more involved in physical fitness and competitive endurance sports, the incidence of menstrual dysfunction has increased. Long-distance running and other sports may lead to alterations in gonadotropins, androgens, estrogens, progesterone, or prolactin, which in some women may directly or indirectly result in amenorrhea or infertility. The effects of running and strenuous exercise on the menstrual cycle and reproductive hormones remain controversial. Reported incidences of menstrual dysfunction vary widely, and many factors have been implicated in the onset of this problem. Exercise associated menstrual dysfunction seems to occur more frequently in nulliparous athletes, in athletes with delayed menarche, and in athletes with low body fat. It is important to realize that disruption of the menstrual cycle, ranging from mild changes in flow to amenorrhea, is a relatively common problem for the female athlete engaged in strenuous endurance sports. Yet no evidence exists at present to indicate conclusively that this menstrual dysfunction is harmful to the female athlete's reproductive system.
E R Baker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0015-0282     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  1981 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-02-25     Completed Date:  1982-02-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  691-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / physiology
Amenorrhea / etiology,  therapy
Hormones / metabolism*
Infertility, Female / etiology,  therapy
Menstruation Disturbances / etiology*
Sports Medicine*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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