Document Detail

Menstrual cycle phase and time of day alter reference signal controlling arm blood flow and sweating.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4025576     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The changes occurring in the esophageal temperature (Tes) thresholds for initiation of heat loss responses as affected by the circadian period and menstrual cycle were studied. Four women exercised at 60% peak Vo2 in 35 degrees C (ambient water vapor pressure 1.73 kPa) for 30 min at 0400 and 1600 during the follicular (F) and luteal (L) phase. Tes, arm sweating rate (msw), and forearm blood flow (FBF) were measured frequently. At rest, Tes averaged 0.3 degrees C higher during L than F at both 0400 and 1600 and approximately 0.4 degrees C higher at 1600 than at 0400 during both phases. During exercise transients, the slopes of the FBF:Tes and the msw:Tes relationships were not different among treatments. The thresholds for initiation of sweating and cutaneous vasodilation were higher at 1600 than 0400 during both phases. Thresholds during F at 0400 averaged 36.44 degrees C for msw and 36.80 degrees C for vasodilation. The thresholds during L at 1600 averaged 37.46 and 37.53 degrees C for sweating and vasodilation, respectively. Our data indicate that the thermoregulatory effector activity during exercise is a function of numerous inputs, and one of these may be hormonal or hormonal-like in action. Controlling time of day and menstrual cycle phase are as important as controlling for aerobic power, age, and fitness in studying female thermoregulatory responses during exercise.
L A Stephenson; M A Kolka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  249     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1985 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-09-12     Completed Date:  1985-09-12     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R186-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Arm / blood supply*
Body Temperature
Body Temperature Regulation*
Circadian Rhythm*
Esophagus / physiology
Follicular Phase
Luteal Phase
Menstrual Cycle*
Physical Exertion
Regional Blood Flow
Skin / blood supply
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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