Document Detail


Meninigitis immunisation: challenges, successes and new developments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299207     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Meningitis, defined as the inflammation of the lining surrounding the spine and the brain, can be caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. Bacterial meningitis is the most serious form of the disease, causing around 170000 deaths worldwide each year. Most cases of bacterial meningitis are caused by three bacteria-Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae type B. In the UK, vaccines are available to combat most of these, yet, according to the Meningitis Research Foundation, around 3400 cases of bacterial meningitis and septicaemia occur every year in the UK and the Republic of Ireland. This article reviews the history of vaccination against meningitis, explores the challenges facing nurses who are at the interface of immunisation policy and public expectations, outlines the current schedule and discusses advances in vaccine technology that offer the potential of a new immunisation against N meningitidis B, the leading cause of meningitis in the UK.
Authors:
Jacqueline Boulton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0966-0461     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Nurs     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212059     Medline TA:  Br J Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20-5     Citation Subset:  N    
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