Document Detail

Mending a Broken Heart: The Role of Mitophagy in Cardioprotection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25437922     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The heart is highly energy dependent with most of its energy provided by mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Mitochondria also play a role in many other essential cellular processes including metabolite synthesis and calcium storage. Therefore, maintaining a functional population of mitochondria is critical for cardiac function. Efficient degradation and replacement of dysfunctional mitochondria ensures cell survival, particularly in terminally differentiated cells such as cardiac myocytes. Mitochondria are eliminated via mitochondrial autophagy or mitophagy. In the heart, mitophagy is an essential housekeeping process and required for cardiac homeostasis. Reduced autophagy and accumulation of impaired mitochondria have been linked to progression of heart failure and aging. In this review, we discuss the pathways that regulate mitophagy in cells and highlight the cardioprotective role of mitophagy in response to stress and aging. We also discuss the therapeutic potential of targeting mitophagy and directions for future investigation.
Alexandra G Moyzis; Junichi Sadoshima; Asa B Gustafsson
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1539     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-2    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901228     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  ajpheart.00708.2014     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014, American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
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