Document Detail

Memory mechanisms supporting syntactic comprehension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23319178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Efforts to characterize the memory system that supports sentence comprehension have historically drawn extensively on short-term memory as a source of mechanisms that might apply to sentences. The focus of these efforts has changed significantly in the past decade. As a result of changes in models of short-term working memory (ST-WM) and developments in models of sentence comprehension, the effort to relate entire components of an ST-WM system, such as those in the model developed by Baddeley (Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4: 829-839, 2003) to sentence comprehension has largely been replaced by an effort to relate more specific mechanisms found in modern models of ST-WM to memory processes that support one aspect of sentence comprehension--the assignment of syntactic structure (parsing) and its use in determining sentence meaning (interpretation) during sentence comprehension. In this article, we present the historical background to recent studies of the memory mechanisms that support parsing and interpretation and review recent research into this relation. We argue that the results of this research do not converge on a set of mechanisms derived from ST-WM that apply to parsing and interpretation. We argue that the memory mechanisms supporting parsing and interpretation have features that characterize another memory system that has been postulated to account for skilled performance-long-term working memory. We propose a model of the relation of different aspects of parsing and interpretation to ST-WM and long-term working memory.
David Caplan; Gloria Waters
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychonomic bulletin & review     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1531-5320     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychon Bull Rev     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-05     Completed Date:  2013-09-03     Revised Date:  2014-04-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502924     Medline TA:  Psychon Bull Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Comprehension / physiology*
Memory / physiology
Memory, Short-Term / physiology*
Models, Psychological
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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