Document Detail

Membrane lipid order of human red blood cells is altered by physiological levels of hydrostatic pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9038976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of hydrostatic pressure at levels applied in diving or hyperbaric treatment (thus considered "physiological") on the order of lipid domains in human red blood cell (RBC) membrane was studied. Membrane order was determined by measuring 1) the fluorescence anisotropy (FAn) of lipid probes, 2) the resonance energy transfer from tryptophan to lipid probes, and 3) spectral shifts in Laurdan fluorescence emission. It was found that the application of mild pressure (< 15 atm) 1) increased, selectively, the FAn of lipid probes that monitor the membrane lipid core, 2) increased the tryptophan FAn, 3) increased the resonance energy transfer from tryptophan to lipid probes residing in the lipid core, and 4) induced changes in the Laurdan fluorescence spectrum, which corresponded to reduced membrane hydration. It is proposed that the application of pressure of several atmospheres increases the phase order of membrane lipid domains, particularly in the proximity of proteins. Because the membrane lipid order ("fluidity") of RBCs plays an important role in their cellular and rheological functions, the pressure-induced alterations of the RBC membrane might be pertinent to microcirculatory disorders observed in humans subjected to elevated pressure.
G Barshtein; L Bergelson; A Dagan; E Gratton; S Yedgar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  272     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-31     Completed Date:  1997-03-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H538-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biochemistry, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Energy Transfer
Erythrocytes / metabolism*
Fluorescence Polarization
Hydrostatic Pressure*
Membrane Lipids / blood*
Tryptophan / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Membrane Lipids; 73-22-3/Tryptophan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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