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Melanogenesis inhibitors from Rabdosia japonica.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22743245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The effects of the four major ent-kaurene diterpenoids isolated from the aerial part of Rabdosia japonica (Labiatae) on murine B16-F10 melanoma cells were investigated. Among the compounds tested, oridonin and nodosin most significantly suppressed cellular melanin production when the cells were cultured with these diterpenoids. However, oridonin and nodosin exhibited cytotoxicity against the same melanoma cells with an IC(50) of 1.1μM (0.40μg/ml) and of 1.3μM (0.47μg/ml) and almost complete lethality was observed at 4.0μM and at 8.0μM, respectively, and therefore observed melanogenesis inhibition is mainly due to its melanocytotoxic effect. Morphological observation showed that oridonin or nodosin treated B16-F10 melanoma cells induced dendrite structure. Diterpenoids quickly formed adducts partly in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM) containing 10% of fetal bovine serum (10% FBS-DMEM) before their application to the cells. Approximately 20% of oridonin formed adducts within the first 15min. Notably, dihydronodosin exhibited inferior cytotoxicity (>85% cell viability at 100μM) but still significantly suppressed melanogenesis (>55%) when murine B16-F10 melanoma cells were cultured with this diterpenoid derivatives. Hence, dihydronodosin can be a potential melanogenesis inhibitor.
Hiroki Satooka; Takahiko Isobe; Teruhiko Nitoda; Isao Kubo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1618-095X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9438794     Medline TA:  Phytomedicine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3112, United States.
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