Document Detail


Melanin as an adsorbent for drug residues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7879877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The binding of seven veterinary drugs (clenbuterol, chlorpromazine, diethylstilbestrol, 19-nortestosterone, salbutamol, salicylic acid and trenbolone) to melanin from Sepia officinalis was investigated. Basic and hydrophobic drugs were the most strongly bound. Desorption by ethanol was complete for neutral drugs but only partial for the basic drugs, which suggests that binding of the latter involves an ionic component. A method of synthesizing melanin in an immobilized form (melanin-PS) on the surface of porous silica was developed. When the drug binding properties of melanin-PS were investigated, its capacity to bind the basic drug clenbuterol was found to be higher (5.9 nmol mg-1) than that for the neutral hydrophobic drug 19-nortestosterone (0.56 nmol mg-1); for both drugs the attainment of binding equilibrium with melanin-PS was relatively rapid (< 5 min). By virtue of its binding kinetics, high capacity and mechanical robustness, melanin-PS offers potential for use in chromatography or solid-phase extraction and may additionally enable modelling of drug-melanin interactions.
Authors:
L Howells; M Godfrey; M J Sauer
Related Documents :
923077 - Measurement of free-circulating cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum(ii) in plasma.
1508837 - Adipose tissue distribution and chemical structure of basic lipophilic drugs: desiprami...
23591987 - Antihypertensive prescriptions over a 10-year period in a large chinese population.
23644347 - Controlled delivery of naltrexone by an intraoral device: in vivo study on human subjects.
14584967 - Factor viii--baxter: rahf-pfm, recombinant anti-haemophilic factor--protein-free method...
12119427 - Drug treatment as a crime fighting tool.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Analyst     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0003-2654     ISO Abbreviation:  Analyst     Publication Date:  1994 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-31     Completed Date:  1995-03-31     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372652     Medline TA:  Analyst     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2691-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biochemistry Department, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Addlestone, Surrey, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adsorption
Albuterol / isolation & purification
Animals
Clenbuterol / isolation & purification
Diethylstilbestrol / isolation & purification
Drug Residues* / analysis,  isolation & purification
Melanins*
Methods
Nandrolone / isolation & purification
Salicylic Acid
Salicylic Acids / isolation & purification
Sensitivity and Specificity
Trenbolone / isolation & purification
Veterinary Medicine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Melanins; 0/Salicylic Acids; 10161-33-8/Trenbolone; 18559-94-9/Albuterol; 37148-27-9/Clenbuterol; 434-22-0/Nandrolone; 56-53-1/Diethylstilbestrol; 69-72-7/Salicylic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Determination of amperozide residues in swine liver using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Next Document:  Screening of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, barbiturates and methyl xanthines in equine urin...