Document Detail

Medium-term results of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) for obstructed defecation and symptomatic rectal-anal intussusception.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20813023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aim  Stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) is an increasingly accepted treatment for obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS) associated with internal rectal prolapse (IRP) and rectocoele. The aim of this study is to evaluate the medium to long-term outcomes of STARR for ODS. Method  The intermediate-term results of STARR used over a 9 -year period were reviewed from the analysis of a prospectively maintained database. Patients were followed for a median period of 98 (95% CI 85-112, range 5-386) weeks. Results  Three hundred and forty-four (234 woman) patients of median age 54 (19-90) years underwent STARR over a 9- year period. Preoperative symptoms included pelvic pain (93%), incomplete evacuation (90%), urgency (74%), a sensation of obstruction (65%) and rectal digitation (27%). Thirteen had the solitary rectal ulcer syndrome. Of 326 patients with follow-up data, 249 (76%) were followed beyond 1 year and 149 (43%) beyond 2 years. The ODS score improved [14.6 ± 5.4 pre vs 1.6 ± 3.1 post (P < 0.0001)] as did the faecal incontinence (FI) score [3.5 ± 3.3 pre vs 0.4 ± 1.3 post (P < 0.0001)]. Fifteen (4.3%) patients reported deterioration in FI, and 11 (3.2%) experienced new onset minor incontinence. Urgency was 72% at 8 weeks, 20% at 16 weeks, 11.5% at 52 weeks and 5% at 1.5 years. None of the 29 patients followed beyond 4 years reported urgency. Urgency was unrelated to sex, age or preoperative ODS symptoms (Mantel-Cox log-rank). Recurrent symptoms of ODS occurred in 4.9%. Eighty-one per cent of patients were highly satisfied with STARR and would recommend or have it again. Conclusion  STARR was successful for the treatment of selected patients with ODS and IRP. Postoperative faecal urgency rapidly decreases with time. It is not possible to predict who will develop urgency.
A C Goede; D Glancy; H Carter; A Mills; K Mabey; A R Dixon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1463-1318     ISO Abbreviation:  Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883611     Medline TA:  Colorectal Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1052-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
Departments of Colorectal Surgery Radiology, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK Department of GI Physiology, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK.
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