Document Detail


Mediterranean fin whales at risk from fatal ship strikes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16712877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper reviews and analyzes ship collision records for the relatively isolated population of fin whales in the Mediterranean Sea from 1972 to 2001. Out of 287 carcasses, 46 individuals (16.0%) were certainly killed by boats. The minimum mean annual fatal collision rate increased from 1 to 1.7 whales/year from the 1970s to the 1990s. Fatal strike events (82.2%) were reported in or adjacent to the Pelagos Sanctuary, characterized by high levels of traffic and whale concentrations. Among 383 photo-identified whales, 9 (2.4%) had marks that were attributed to a ship impact. The reported rates are unusually high for baleen whales. The high likelihood of unreported fatal strikes combined with other anthropogenic threats suggests an urgent need for a comprehensive, basin-wide conservation strategy, including ship strike mitigation requirements, like real-time monitoring of whale presence and distribution to re-locate ferry routes to areas of lower cetacean density, and reducing ship speed in high cetacean density areas.
Authors:
Simone Panigada; Giovanna Pesante; Margherita Zanardelli; Frédéric Capoulade; Alexandre Gannier; Mason T Weinrich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-04-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Marine pollution bulletin     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0025-326X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mar. Pollut. Bull.     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-02     Completed Date:  2008-05-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260231     Medline TA:  Mar Pollut Bull     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1287-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tethys Research Institute, Viale GB Gadio 2, 20121 Milan, MI, Italy. panigada@inwind.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Conservation of Natural Resources*
Female
Fin Whale / injuries*,  physiology*
Geography
Male
Mediterranean Sea
Photography
Ships*
Time Factors
Wounds and Injuries / mortality,  veterinary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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