Document Detail

Meditation, mindfulness and executive control: the importance of emotional acceptance and brain-based performance monitoring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22507824     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous studies have documented the positive effects of mindfulness meditation on executive control. What has been lacking, however, is an understanding of the mechanism underlying this effect. Some theorists have described mindfulness as embodying two facets-present moment awareness and emotional acceptance. Here, we examine how the effect of meditation practice on executive control manifests in the brain, suggesting that emotional acceptance and performance monitoring play important roles. We investigated the effect of meditation practice on executive control and measured the neural correlates of performance monitoring, specifically, the error-related negativity (ERN), a neurophysiological response that occurs within 100 ms of error commission. Meditators and controls completed a Stroop task, during which we recorded ERN amplitudes with electroencephalography. Meditators showed greater executive control (i.e. fewer errors), a higher ERN and more emotional acceptance than controls. Finally, mediation pathway models further revealed that meditation practice relates to greater executive control and that this effect can be accounted for by heightened emotional acceptance, and to a lesser extent, increased brain-based performance monitoring.
Rimma Teper; Michael Inzlicht
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social cognitive and affective neuroscience     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1749-5024     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-11     Completed Date:  2013-07-22     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101288795     Medline TA:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological
Attention / physiology
Awareness / physiology*
Brain / physiology*
Emotions / physiology*
Evoked Potentials / physiology
Executive Function / physiology*
Functional Neuroimaging / instrumentation,  methods
Stroop Test

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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