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Medicinal properties of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. in traditional Iranian medicine and modern phytotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23275017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (F. vulgare), commonly known as Fennel, is a popular medicinal plant with various pharmacological activities mentioned in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) and modern phytotherapy such as antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, bronchodilatory, estrogenic, diuretic, lithontripic, galactogogue, emmenagogue, antithrombotic, hypotensive, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, memory enhancing, and antimutagenic activities. No serious adverse events were recorded after ingestion of F. vulgare except some cases of allergic reactions. The estrogenic activity of F. vulgare brings some side effects such as decrease in protein concentration and acid and alkaline phosphatase in male genital organs, increase in weight of mammary glands and reproductive organs in women and premature thelarche in girls. However, no evidence of teratogenicity was recorded, it is better not to use F. vulgare during pregnancy due to its estrogenic activity. Because of inhibition of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), the pharmacokinetic parameters of drugs mainly metabolized by this isozyme may be affected by F. vulgare. In addition, a significant interaction between cyprofloxacin and F. vulgare was demonstrated. The aim of current paper is to review pharmacological properties, toxicity and adverse events, and drug interactions of vulgare and brings conclusive results about the use of this plant in men, women and during pregnancy.
Roja Rahimi; Mohammad Reza Shams Ardekani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese journal of integrative medicine     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1672-0415     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin J Integr Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181180     Medline TA:  Chin J Integr Med     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Traditional Pharmacy, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
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