Document Detail


Medicinal halophytes: potent source of health promoting biomolecules with medical, nutraceutical and food applications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22129270     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Salt-tolerant plants grow in a wide variety of saline habitats, from coastal regions, salt marshes and mudflats to inland deserts, salt flats and steppes. Halophytes living in these extreme environments have to deal with frequent changes in salinity level. This can be done by developing adaptive responses including the synthesis of several bioactive molecules. Consequently, several salt marsh plants have traditionally been used for medical, nutritional, and even artisanal purposes. Currently, an increasing interest is granted to these species because of their high content in bioactive compounds (primary and secondary metabolites) such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, carotenoids, vitamins, sterols, essential oils (terpenes), polysaccharides, glycosides, and phenolic compounds. These bioactive substances display potent antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumoral activities, and therefore represent key-compounds in preventing various diseases (e.g. cancer, chronic inflammation, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disorder) and ageing processes. The ongoing research will lead to the utilisation of halophytes as a new source of healthy products as functional foods, nutraceuticals or active principles in several industries. This contribution focuses on the ethnopharmacological uses of halophytes in traditional medicine and reviews recent investigations on their biological activities and nutraceuticals. The work is distributed according to the different families of nutraceuticals (lipids, vitamins, proteins, glycosides, phenolic compounds, etc.) discussing the analytical techniques employed for their determination. Information about the claimed health promoting effects of the different families of nutraceuticals is also provided together with data on their application.
Authors:
Riadh Ksouri; Wided Megdiche Ksouri; Inès Jallali; Ahmed Debez; Christian Magné; Isoda Hiroko; Chedly Abdelly
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1549-7801     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8505177     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Plantes Extrêmophiles, Centre de Biotechnologie à la Technopole de BorjCédria (CBBC) , BP 901, 2050 Hammam-lif , Tunisia.
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