Document Detail

Medication use by athletes at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympic Games.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19124981     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To gather data and examine the use by elite Olympic athletes of food supplements and pharmaceutical preparations in total and per sport, country, and gender. DESIGN: Survey study. SETTING: Athens 2004 Olympic Games (OG). PARTICIPANTS: Data from 2 sources were collected: athletes' declaration of medications/supplements intake recorded on the Doping Control Official Record during sample collection for doping control, and athletes' application forms for granting of a therapeutic use exemption (TUE) and through the abbreviated TUE process (aTUE). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Classification of declared food supplements according to the active ingredient and medications according to therapeutic actions and active compounds. RESULTS: 24.3% of the athletes tested for doping control declared no use of medications or food supplements. Food supplements (45.3%) continue to be popular, with vitamins (43.2%) and proteins/aminoacids (13.9%) in power sports being most widely used. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents and analgesics were also commonly used by athletes (11.1% and 3.7%, respectively). The use of the hemoderivative actovegin and several nonprohibited anabolic preparations are discussed. The prevalence of medication use for asthma and the dangers of drug interactions are also presented.Laboratory analysis data reveal that of the aTUEs received for inhaled glucocorticosteroids, only budesonide was detectable in significant percentage (10.0%). Only 6.5% of the 445 athletes approved to inhale beta2-agonists led to an adverse analytical finding. CONCLUSIONS: This review demonstrates that overuse of food supplements was slightly reduced compared to previous OGs and a more rational approach to the use of medication is being adopted.
Christina Tsitsimpikou; Athanasios Tsiokanos; Konstantinos Tsarouhas; Patrick Schamasch; Kenneth D Fitch; Dimitrios Valasiadis; Athanasios Jamurtas
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1536-3724     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Sport Med     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-06     Completed Date:  2009-05-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103300     Medline TA:  Clin J Sport Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Athens 2004 Organising Committee for the Olympic Games, Athens, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Anniversaries and Special Events
Dietary Supplements / utilization*
Doping in Sports / prevention & control
Drug Therapy / utilization*
Health Surveys
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pharmaceutical Preparations

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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