Document Detail

Medication errors detected in elderly patients admitted to an internal medicine service.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23409696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objective:  The aim of the work was to analyse the outpatient medication errors detected on admission in senior patients in a Spanish general internal medicine service. Patients and methods:  We carried out a retrospective cohort study based on a review of the admission reports of consecutive, non-selected, patients aged ≥ 65 years. Results:  Eight hundred and sixty admission reports (cases) were analysed. Overall, we detected 218 errors in 173 (20.1%) of them. 'Wrong drug' errors were found in 165 occasions (75.7% of the 218 detected errors), being the most frequent among these 'not indicated/inappropriate drug for the diagnosis' (61 cases, 28.0%), followed by 'not indicated/inappropriate drug for the patient's condition' (55 cases, 25.2%). The binary logistic regression analysis showed association (p < 0.05) between medication errors and sex (female) (OR 0.53, 95%, CI 0.37-0.76), cognitive impairment (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.38-0.85), length of hospital stay (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.00-1.11), number of diagnoses (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.85-0.98), number of medicines at admission (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.13-1.28) and lack of a recent previous admission in an internal medicine department (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.14-3.74). Conclusion:  Although previous studies are not completely comparable, the incidence of errors found at admission in our study is low. We stress the relevance of the reconciliation of treatment in elderly people (where internists may play an important role, from their perspective of a comprehensive patient's care) and integrated procedures for medication prescription and dispensation.
J García-Aparicio; J I Herrero-Herrero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical practice     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1742-1241     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Clin. Pract.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712381     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Internal Medicine Service 'Los Montalvos', University Hospital, Salamanca, Spain.
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