Document Detail

Medicalizing reproduction: the pill and home pregnancy tests.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22720823     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This article explores one chapter in the history of medicalization through a focused study of oral contraceptives and home pregnancy tests. Each commercially successful in developed nations and both decades old (the Food and Drug Administration approved oral contraceptives in 1960 and home pregnancy tests in 1977), these reproductive technologies created the first pharmaceutical mega-market comprised of young, healthy, sexually active, heterosexual women. Examining the discrete, but interconnected, histories of both products, this article explores how the Pill's popularity and profitability medicalized and feminized contraception, encouraging pharmaceutical companies to invest in the development of patented variants of hormonal contraception and creating a means by which the under-used Pap smear could be introduced to a population that had previously resisted it. Home pregnancy tests, too, had unintended consequences. Designed to shield the detection of a pregnancy from a "medical gaze," the test's widespread use encouraged women to become medical patients at an earlier stage of their pregnancy.
Andrea Tone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sex research     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1559-8519     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sex Res     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0062647     Medline TA:  J Sex Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  319-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
a Social Studies of Medicine , McGill University.
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