Document Detail

Medical treatment of glaucoma: present and future.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21534887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: In the last decades, the therapy of glaucoma has largely shifted from surgery to medical treatment thanks to the introduction of strongly effective formulations, that is, prostaglandin analogs and fixed combinations. This clinical scenario may dramatically change in the future thanks to the progresses in biochemistry, genetics and drug delivery technology.
AREAS COVERED: This review covers the strategies currently used to achieve effective medical reduction of intraocular pressure in clinical practice; treatments that are currently been experimented in humans and that may be clinically available in the next few years; treatments at preclinical stages; and future goals of glaucoma treatment (gene therapy, ocular implants and neuroprotection).
EXPERT OPINION: Apart from an adequate reduction of intraocular pressure, effective glaucoma treatments should guarantee other characteristics: good tolerability, low problems of adherence and, possibly, multiple ways of action. From this viewpoint, a crucial clinical role may be played by drugs remodeling the trabecular meshwork (i.e., ROCK inhibitors, metalloproteinases). Other strategies such as the use of ocular implants for drug delivery, neuroprotection or gene therapy could renew glaucoma management in the future, but need long-term rigorous verification of safety and efficacy.
Paolo Fogagnolo; Luca Rossetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2011-05-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert opinion on investigational drugs     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1744-7658     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Opin Investig Drugs     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-13     Completed Date:  2012-05-07     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434197     Medline TA:  Expert Opin Investig Drugs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  947-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
G. B. Bietti Foundation - IRCC, Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Glaucoma / drug therapy*,  metabolism,  surgery*
Intraocular Pressure / drug effects,  physiology
Neuroprotective Agents / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Ophthalmic Solutions / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Predictive Value of Tests
Prostaglandins / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents; 0/Neuroprotective Agents; 0/Ophthalmic Solutions; 0/Prostaglandins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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