Document Detail

Medical and surgical treatment of acute right ventricular failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20951319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Acute right ventricular (RV) failure is a frequent and serious clinical challenge in the intensive care unit. It is usually seen as a consequence of left ventricular failure, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary hypertension, sepsis, acute lung injury or after cardiothoracic surgery. The presence of acute RV failure not only carries substantial morbidity and mortality, but also complicates the use of commonly used treatment strategies in critically ill patients. In contrast to the left ventricle, the RV remains relatively understudied, and investigations of the treatment of isolated RV failure are rare and usually limited to nonrandomized observations. We searched PubMed for papers in the English language by using the search words right ventricle, right ventricular failure, pulmonary hypertension, sepsis, shock, acute lung injury, cardiothoracic surgery, mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, inotropes, and pulmonary vasodilators. These were used in various combinations. We read the abstracts of the relevant titles to confirm their relevance, and the full papers were then extracted. References from extracted papers were checked for any additional relevant papers. This review summarizes the general measures, ventilation strategies, vasoactive substances, and surgical as well as mechanical approaches that are currently used or actively investigated in the treatment of the acutely failing RV.
Tim Lahm; Charles A McCaslin; Thomas C Wozniak; Waqas Ghumman; Yazid Y Fadl; Omar S Obeidat; Katie Schwab; Daniel R Meldrum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1558-3597     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-18     Completed Date:  2010-11-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1435-46     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Clarian Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods,  trends
Heart Failure / diagnosis*,  etiology,  therapy*
Treatment Outcome
Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use
Ventricular Dysfunction, Right / complications,  diagnosis*,  therapy*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vasodilator Agents

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