Document Detail


Medical, metabolic, and psychological effects of weight cycling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8002684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article reviews studies on the effects of weight cycling and weight variability on metabolism, psychological status, morbidity, and mortality. Repeated bouts of weight loss and regain, known as weight cycling or yo-yo dieting, are highly prevalent, occur in males and females, and are common in both overweight and nonoverweight individuals. While there has been no consistent demonstration that, as was first thought, weight cycling makes subsequent weight loss more difficult or regain more rapid, it is possible that this does occur under some conditions or in particular individuals. There are stronger and more consistent links between body weight variability and negative health outcomes, particularly all-cause mortality and mortality from coronary heart disease. Weight cycling may also have negative psychological and behavioral consequences; studies have reported increased risk for psychopathology, life dissatisfaction, and binge eating. The bulk of epidemiologic research shows an association of weight variability with morbidity and mortality, although the mechanisms are not clear at present. There is a clear need for further research on the effects of weight cycling on behavior, metabolism, and health. Understanding and promoting weight maintenance is an important priority.
Authors:
K D Brownell; J Rodin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of internal medicine     Volume:  154     ISSN:  0003-9926     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-07-12     Completed Date:  1994-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372440     Medline TA:  Arch Intern Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1325-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Composition
Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
Diet, Reducing / mortality,  psychology*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Female
Humans
Male
Risk Factors
Weight Gain / physiology*
Weight Loss / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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