Document Detail


Medical and surgical treatments for obesity have opposite effects on peptide YY and appetite: a prospective study controlled for weight loss.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20097707     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: The effects of medical and surgical treatments for obesity on peptide YY (PYY) levels, in patients with similar weight loss, remain unclear.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess PYY and appetite before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and medical treatment (MED).
DESIGN: This was a prospective, controlled, nonrandomized study.
SETTING: The study was conducted at the Departments of Nutrition and Digestive Surgery at a university hospital.
PARTICIPANTS: PARTICIPANTS included three groups of eight patients with similar body mass indexes (RYGB 37.8 +/- 0.8, SG 35.3 +/- 0.7, and MED 39.1 +/- 1.7 kg/m(2), P = NS) and eight lean controls (body mass index 21.7 +/- 0.7 kg/m(2)).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total plasma PYY, hunger, and satiety visual analog scales in fasting and after ingestion of a standard test meal were measured.
RESULTS: At baseline there were no differences in the area under the curve (AUC) of PYY, hunger, or satiety in obese groups. Two months after the interventions, RYGB, SG, and MED groups achieved similar weight loss (17.7 +/- 3, 14.9 +/- 2.4, 16.6 +/- 4%, respectively, P = NS). PYY AUC increased in RYGB (P < 0.001) and SG (P < 0.05) and did not change in MED. PYY levels decreased at fasting, 30 min, and 180 min after a standard test meal in MED (P < 0.05). Hunger AUC decreased in RYGB (P < 0.05). Satiety AUC increased in RYGB (P < 0.05) and SG (P < 0.05). Appetite did not change in MED. PYY AUC correlated with satiety AUC (r = 0.35, P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: RYGB and SG increased PYY and reduced appetite. MED failed to produce changes. Different effects occur despite similar weight loss. This suggests that the weight-loss effects of these procedures are enhanced by an increase in PYY and satiety.
Authors:
Juan P Valderas; Verónica Irribarra; Camilo Boza; Rolando de la Cruz; Yessica Liberona; Ana Maria Acosta; Macarena Yolito; Alberto Maiz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-01-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1945-7197     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-05     Completed Date:  2010-03-31     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375362     Medline TA:  J Clin Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1069-75     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Area Under Curve
Body Mass Index
Diet Therapy
Exercise
Female
Gastrectomy
Gastric Bypass
Humans
Hunger / physiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / blood*,  therapy*
Patient Selection
Peptide YY / blood*
Prospective Studies
Radioimmunoassay
Regression Analysis
Satiation / physiology*
Time Factors
Weight Loss / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
106388-42-5/Peptide YY

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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