Document Detail

Medicaid service use and program costs for pregnant teens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19807611     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Teen pregnancy is an important public health issue for all teens, but particularly for low-income teens who rely on the public health safety net for services. Medicaid pays for more than two-thirds of deliveries among teenagers in the USA. To discern how this public program serves pregnant teens (aged 11-19 years), the authors used Medicaid enrollment and claims data for Florida, Georgia and New Jersey in 1995 to examine teens' enrollment duration, service use and average payments relative to 20-24-year-olds on Medicaid. Teens were more likely than the older women to have been enrolled in Medicaid before pregnancy and to have maintained coverage through the third month following delivery. If not enrolled prepregnancy, teens were more likely than older women to enroll later in pregnancy. Teens were less likely to receive early prenatal care and more likely to be hospitalized during pregnancy, usually for preterm labor. While total Medicaid payments for routine prenatal and delivery-related care were equivalent between teens and older women, payments for nonroutine care during pregnancy were modestly higher for teens in Florida and Georgia. Thus, only modest cost savings can accrue from lower average costs per pregnancy and delivery among teens who delay pregnancy. Additional and larger cost savings to the Medicaid program from preventing teen pregnancy would accrue from the expected lower enrollment in Medicaid among the teens as they age.
Norma I Gavin; May Kuo; E Kathleen Adams; M Femi Ayadi; Brenda Colley Gilbert
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1744-8379     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132257     Medline TA:  Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  683-94     Citation Subset:  -    
Senior Research Economist, RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194, USA.
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