Document Detail

Mediation analysis: a retrospective snapshot of practice and more recent directions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19350833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
R. Baron and D. A. Kenny's (1986) paper introducing mediation analysis has been cited over 9,000 times, but concerns have been expressed about how this method is used. The authors review past and recent methodological literature and make recommendations for how to address 3 main issues: association, temporal order, and the no omitted variables assumption. The authors briefly visit the topics of reliability and the confirmatory-exploratory distinction. In addition, to provide a sense of the extent to which the earlier literature had been absorbed into practice, the authors examined a sample of 50 articles from 2002 citing R. Baron and D. A. Kenny and containing at least 1 mediation analysis via ordinary least squares regression. A substantial proportion of these articles included problematic reporting; as of 2002, there appeared to be room for improvement in conducting such mediation analyses. Future literature reviews will demonstrate the extent to which the situation has improved.
Lois A Gelfand; Janell L Mensinger; Thomas Tenhave
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of general psychology     Volume:  136     ISSN:  0022-1309     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gen Psychol     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-08     Completed Date:  2009-05-11     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985111R     Medline TA:  J Gen Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Community Psychiatry / statistics & numerical data
Least-Squares Analysis
Models, Statistical*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) / statistics & numerical data*
Psychiatry / statistics & numerical data
Psychology, Experimental / statistics & numerical data*
Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data*
Regression Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Grant Support
R01 MH078016/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH078016-02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01-MH-61892/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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