Document Detail

Mediastinal extension of pancreatic pseudocyst-a case with review of topic and management guidelines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21139451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Pancreatic pseudocyst is a common complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Extension of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the mediastinum is rare. We present a case of a 43-year-old male with a history of pancreatitis, who presented with dysphagia and was found to have a pancreatic pseudocyst. The pseudocyst was extending to the mediastinum and compressing the esophagus. It was successfully drained externally by computed tomography-guided catheter intervention. Depending on the location and size, patients may present with dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, or dysphagia; sometimes with hemoptysis, acute respiratory compromise, or cardiogenic shock. There are no recommended guidelines for management. Watchful waiting for spontaneous regression, medical therapy, or drainage internally or externally with endoscopic, percutaneous, or open surgical approach are available options. Based on our own experience and literature review of such cases, we present a management strategy that can limit both complications and recurrence rate. This case emphasizes the importance of the possibility of mediastinal extension of a pancreatic pseudocyst and provides reference guidelines to approach the same.
Akash V Ajmera; Thomas A Judge
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of therapeutics     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1536-3686     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Ther     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9441347     Medline TA:  Am J Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e152-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
1Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ 2Division of Gastroenterology, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ.
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