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Mechanistic investigations of cinchona alkaloid-based zwitterionic chiral stationary phases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22917980     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Novel zwitterionic cinchona alkaloid-based chiral selectors (SOs) were synthesized and immobilized on silica gel. The corresponding brush-type chiral stationary phases (CSPs) were characterized as zwitterionic ion-exchange-type materials and exhibited remarkable enantioselectivity for their zwitterionic target analytes, viz. underivatized amino acids and aminosulfonic acids. We rationally designed structural modifications on the strong cation exchange (SCX) subunit of the zwitterionic SO and investigated the influence on chiral recognition power for amphoteric solutes. SOs with chiral isopropyl- or cyclohexyl-moieties in vicinity to the SCX site showed broadest application range by baseline resolving 39 out of 53 test compounds, including α-, β-, and γ-amino acids with different substitution patterns. Furthermore, we introduced two pseudoenantiomeric zwitterionic CSPs which combined the unique features of providing comparable enantioselectivities but reversed enantiomer elution orders. By application of slightly acidic polar organic mobile phases as preferred elution mode, we found that certain amounts of aprotic acetonitrile in protic methanol substantially increased enantioselectivity and resolution of amino acids in a structure-dependent manner.
Authors:
Reinhard Pell; Siniša Sić; Wolfgang Lindner
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of chromatography. A     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3778     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chromatogr A     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9318488     Medline TA:  J Chromatogr A     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Strasse 38, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
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