Document Detail


Mechanisms of non-pharmacologic adjunct therapies used during exercise in COPD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22341681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often limited in their ability to perform exercise due to a heightened sense of dyspnea and/or the occurrence of leg fatigue associated with a reduced ventilatory capacity and peripheral skeletal muscle dysfunction, respectively. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs have been shown to improve exercise tolerance and health related quality of life. Additional therapeutic approaches such as non-invasive ventilatory support (NIVS), heliox (He-O(2)) and supplemental oxygen have been used as non-pharmacologic adjuncts to exercise to enhance the ability of patients with COPD to exercise at a higher exercise-intensity and thus improve the physiological benefits of exercise. The purpose of the current review is to examine the pathophysiology of exercise limitation in COPD and to explore the physiological mechanisms underlying the effect of the adjunct therapies on exercise in patients with COPD. This review indicates that strategies that aim to unload the respiratory muscles and enhance oxygen saturation during exercise alleviate exercise limiting factors and improve exercise performance in patients with COPD. However, available data shows significant variability in the effectiveness across patients. Further research is needed to identify the most appropriate candidates for these forms of therapies.
Authors:
A M Moga; M de Marchie; D Saey; J Spahija
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3064     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908438     Medline TA:  Respir Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, 3654 Promenade Sir William Osler, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y5, Canada; Respiratory Health Research Center, Sacré-Coeur Hospital, 5400 boul. Gouin Ouest, Montréal, , Quebec H4J 1C5, Canada.
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