Document Detail


Mechanisms of hypothermic neuroprotection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20646974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is now compelling clinical evidence that prolonged, moderate cerebral hypothermia initiated within a few hours after severe hypoxia-ischemia and continued until resolution of the acute phase of delayed cell death can reduce subsequent neuronal loss and improve behavioral recovery in term infants and adults after cardiac arrest. Perhaps surprisingly, the specific mechanisms of hypothermic neuroprotection remain unclear, at least in part because hypothermia suppresses a broad range of potential injurious factors. In the present review we critically examine proposed mechanisms in relation to the known window of opportunity for effective protection with hypothermia. Better knowledge of the mechanisms of hypothermia is critical to help guide the rational development of future combination treatments to augment neuroprotection with hypothermia, and to identify those most likely to benefit from it.
Authors:
Paul P Drury; Laura Bennet; Alistair J Gunn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2010-06-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1878-0946     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Fetal Neonatal Med     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-30     Completed Date:  2010-12-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101240003     Medline TA:  Semin Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Asphyxia Neonatorum / complications*
Body Temperature
Humans
Hypothermia, Induced / methods*
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain / etiology,  metabolism,  therapy*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Nerve Degeneration / prevention & control*
Neuroprotective Agents / therapeutic use*
Perinatal Care / methods
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Neuroprotective Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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