Document Detail

Mechanisms by which the inhibition of specific intracellular signaling pathways increase osteoblast proliferation on apatite surfaces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21288570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Osteoblasts proliferate slowly on the surface of calcium phosphate apatite which is widely used as a substrate biomaterial in bone regeneration. Owing to poor adhesion signaling in the cells grown on the calcium phosphate surface, inadequate growth factor signaling is generated to trigger cell cycle progression. The present study investigated an intracellular signal transduction pathway involved in the slow cell proliferation in osteoblasts grown on the calcium phosphate surface. Small GTPase RhoA and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) were more activated in cells grown on the surface of calcium phosphate apatite than on tissue culture plate. Specific inhibition of RhoA and PTEN induced the cells on calcium phosphate apatite surface to proliferate at a similar rate as cells on tissue culture plate surface. Specific inhibition of ROCK, which is a downstream effector of RhoA and an upstream activator of PTEN also increased proliferation of these osteoblasts. Present results indicate that physical property of calcium phosphate crystals that impede cell proliferation may be surmounted by the inhibition of the RhoA/ROCK/PTEN pathway to rescue delayed proliferation of osteoblasts on the calcium phosphate apatite surface. In addition, specific inhibition of ROCK promoted cell migration and osteoblast differentiation. Inhibition of the RhoA/ROCK/PTEN intracellular signaling pathway is expected to enhance cell activity to promote and accelerate bone regeneration on the calcium phosphate apatite surface.
Seungwon Yang; Yu-Shun Tian; Yun-Jung Lee; Frank H Yu; Hyun-Man Kim
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-02-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biomaterials     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1878-5905     ISO Abbreviation:  Biomaterials     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-21     Completed Date:  2011-06-01     Revised Date:  2013-04-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100316     Medline TA:  Biomaterials     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2851-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Laboratory for the Study of Molecular Biointerfaces, Department of Oral Histology and Developmental Biology, Program of Cell and Developmental Biology, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-749, Republic of Korea.
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MeSH Terms
3T3 Cells
Apatites / pharmacology*
Blotting, Western
Calcium Phosphates / pharmacology*
Cell Adhesion / drug effects
Cell Cycle / drug effects
Cell Differentiation / drug effects
Cell Movement / drug effects
Cell Proliferation / drug effects
Microscopy, Fluorescence
Osteoblasts / cytology*,  drug effects*,  metabolism
PTEN Phosphohydrolase / metabolism
Phosphorylation / drug effects
Signal Transduction / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Apatites; 0/Calcium Phosphates; 97Z1WI3NDX/calcium phosphate; EC Phosphohydrolase

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