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Mechanism of nucleoside uptake in rat placenta and induction of placental CNT2 in experimental diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22354287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to clarify the transport characteristics of nucleosides in rat placenta and the changes of functional expression of nucleoside transporters in rat placenta with experimental diabetes mellitus. Placental uptake clearances of [(3)H]adenosine and [(3)H]zidovudine from maternal blood was much higher than that of [(14)C]mannitol. Xenopus oocytes injected with rat ENT1 and ENT2 cRNA took up [(3)H]adenosine with K(m) values of 6.1 and 26 µM, respectively. [(3)H]Adenosine transport by rat placental brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) was saturable and was inhibited by nitrobenzylthioinosine (NBMPR), a specific ENT inhibitor, in a manner consistent with involvement of both rat ENT1 and ENT2. [(3)H]Didanosine was modestly taken up by placenta, and the inhibitory effect of 100 µM NBMPR on [(3)H]ddI uptake by BBMV suggested a role of ENT2-mediated transport. Expression of ENT1, ENT2, ENT3, CNT2, and CNT3 mRNAs was detected in placenta of control and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic pregnant rats, and CNT2 (SLC28A2) expression was significantly increased in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Consistently, Na(+)-dependent adenosine uptake by BBMV from STZ-induced diabetic pregnant rats was higher than that from control rats. These results suggest the involvement of placental ENT2 as well as ENT1 in nucleoside uptake from maternal blood, and the induction of CNT2 in experimental diabetes mellitus.
Authors:
Tomohiro Nishimura; Takuya Chishu; Masatoshi Tomi; Ryo Nakamura; Kazuko Sato; Noriko Kose; Yoshimichi Sai; Emi Nakashima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1880-0920     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101164773     Medline TA:  Drug Metab Pharmacokinet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Pharmacy, Keio University.
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