Document Detail


Mechanism of the irreversible inhibition of human cyclooxygenase-1 by aspirin as predicted by QM/MM calculations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23384979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) suppresses the generation of prostaglandin H2, which is the precursor of thromboxane A2. Aspirin acts as an acetylating agent in which its acetyl group is covalently attached to a serine residue (S530) in the active site of the cyclooxygenase-1 enzyme. The exact reaction mechanism has not been revealed by experimental methods. In this study the putative structure of human cyclooxygenase-1 was constructed from ovine cyclooxygenase-1 by homology modeling, and the acetylsalicylic acid was docked into the arachidonic acid binding cavity of the enzyme. To characterize the shape of the potential energy surface of the acetylating reaction and to determine the relative energies of the stationary points on the surface, a series of ONIOM-type quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations were carried out at different QM levels of theories applying electronic embedding approximations. The acetylsalicylic acid and the surrounding amino acids were included in these calculations. Frequency analyses were performed to prove the existence of first order saddle points (representing transition states) and local minima on the potential energy surface. It was found that all levels of theories predicted similar transition state geometries. The activation energy values, however, demonstrated significant dependence on the methods that were applied. All the applied "dependable" ab initio and DFT methods predicted that the breakage of the S530 OγHγ and formation of the OγC(acetylsalicylic acid carbonyl) bonds occur in a single elementary step.
Authors:
L Tóth; L Muszbek; I Komáromi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular graphics & modelling     Volume:  40C     ISSN:  1873-4243     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Mol. Graph. Model.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716237     Medline TA:  J Mol Graph Model     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  99-109     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Center, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
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