Document Detail


Mechanism of decreased pressor responsiveness to ANG II, NE, and vasopressin in pregnant rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6377924     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The mechanism of decreased pressor responsiveness to pressor agents was examined serially throughout pregnancy in conscious rats. Rats, 15 and 20 days pregnant, showed marked blunting of the pressor response to graded doses of angiotensin, whereas after only 5 days of pregnancy there was a normal response and at 10 days an intermediate pressor response. A role for prior occupancy of vascular angiotensin II receptors for the blunted pressor response was made less likely by the observation that treatment with captopril to decrease endogenous angiotensin II did not improve the angiotensin II pressor response in 15-day pregnant rats. Studies of smooth muscle receptor binding of angiotensin II showed that, in pregnancy, receptor affinity and number was not changed. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis with meclofenamate increased the pressor response to angiotensin II toward normal in pregnant animals. The blunted vascular response in pregnancy was not specific for angiotensin since pregnant animals showed a similar decrease in the response to both norepinephrine and arginine vasopressin. Furthermore, meclofenamate increased the pressor response to norepinephrine and vasopressin in pregnant rats. We conclude that pressor hyporesponsiveness in pregnancy is not specific for angiotensin II and is not caused by alterations in vascular receptor occupancy or binding. In pregnancy there is a decreased pressor response to all three major pressor agents that is improved by inhibition of prostaglandin production.
Authors:
M S Paller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  247     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-08-17     Completed Date:  1984-08-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H100-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Angiotensin II / metabolism,  pharmacology*
Animals
Arginine Vasopressin / pharmacology
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Captopril / pharmacology
Female
Meclofenamic Acid / pharmacology
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / metabolism
Norepinephrine / pharmacology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Animal*
Pressoreceptors / drug effects*
Prostaglandins / metabolism
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Receptors, Angiotensin / metabolism
Vasopressins / pharmacology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-17871/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Prostaglandins; 0/Receptors, Angiotensin; 11000-17-2/Vasopressins; 11128-99-7/Angiotensin II; 113-79-1/Arginine Vasopressin; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 62571-86-2/Captopril; 644-62-2/Meclofenamic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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