Document Detail


Mechanism of death in avalanche victims.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2499098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The autopsies of 12 victims from two snow avalanches in North-Norway are reported. Supportive evidence from non-autopsied and surviving victims is included. Consistent autopsy findings were prominent lung oedema, moderate cerebral oedema, extreme contraction of the left ventricle, petechiae in the superior vena cava drainage area, and acute congestion in lungs and kidneys. In four cases in whom no resuscitation was attempted, aortic oxygen pressure was in the range expected in pure asphyxial-type deaths in one and in pure cardiac-type deaths in three. No air pocket was seen in front of the mouth and nose in any of the fatal cases. Three fatal cases had fractures. It is concluded that the immediate cause of death in most cases was general body compression with acute respiratory and circulatory failure.
Authors:
H Stalsberg; C Albretsen; M Gilbert; M Kearney; E Moestue; I Nordrum; M Rostrup; A Orbo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological anatomy and histopathology     Volume:  414     ISSN:  0174-7398     ISO Abbreviation:  Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol     Publication Date:  1989  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-26     Completed Date:  1989-06-26     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302198     Medline TA:  Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  415-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Tromsø University Hospital, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cause of Death*
Child, Preschool
Disasters*
Humans
Lung / pathology
Male
Resuscitation
Snow*
Time Factors
Weather*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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