Document Detail


Mechanism behind augmentation in baroreflex sensitivity after acute exercise in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16755145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A single bout of dynamic exercise increases baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We examined whether change in hemodynamics (increases in blood pressure and heart rate) associated with dynamic exercise contribute to the post-exercise modulation of BRS. SHR aged 12 weeks were chronically instrumented with a carotid artery catheter and jugular vein catheter. They were then allocated to three groups submitted to 40 min of 1) running on a treadmill at 12 m/min (Run), 2) concomitant infusion of isoproterenol and a relatively high dose of phenylephrine (Iso+Phe(high)), or 3) concomitant infusion of isoproterenol and a relatively low dose of phenylephrine (Iso+Phe(low)). Arterial pressure and heart rate were continuously recorded throughout the experiments. BRS estimated by heart rate responses to phenylephrine injection and systolic blood pressure-low frequency power amplitude (SBP-LFamp) evaluated by power spectral analysis of SBP, a marker of sympathetic activity, were examined before and after running (Run group), or administration of drugs (Iso+Phe(high) or Iso+Phe(low) groups). BRS increased significantly from 1.4 to 1.9 bpm/mmHg after running, but not after administration of Iso+Phe(high) or Iso+Phe(low). Blood pressure and SBP-LFamp significantly decreased in each of the Run, Iso+Phe(high) and Iso+Phe(low) groups. These results suggest that hemodynamic change alone does not contribute to post-exercise modulation of BRS, while hemodynamic change or sympathetic activation during exercise contributes to post-exercise hypotension associated with a reduction of sympathetic activity.
Authors:
Naoyoshi Minami; Nobuyoshi Mori; Makoto Nagasaka; Osamu Ito; Hajime Kurosawa; Masayuki Kanazawa; Ki Kaku; Eigyoku Lee; Masahiro Kohzuki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0916-9636     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertens. Res.     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-09     Completed Date:  2006-07-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine and Rehabilitation Science, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan. minaoyo@mail.tains.tohoku.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Baroreflex / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiotonic Agents
Heart Rate
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Isoproterenol
Male
Phenylephrine
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; 59-42-7/Phenylephrine; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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