Document Detail


Mechanism of death in hanging: a historical review of the evolution of pathophysiological hypotheses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20456578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In cases of hanging, the exact mechanism leading to death has yet to be elucidated. Most of our contemporary knowledge is still based on writings from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. This article reviews the historic experiments that shaped our current theories. Medico-legal textbooks written in English and French from 1870 to 1930 were reviewed. Various animals, such as rabbits, mice, and dogs, have been used to develop animal models of hanging. Limited human studies on cadavers and judicial hangings have provided some additional insight into the pathophysiology of death by hanging. The main pathophysiological theories described were respiratory asphyxia, interruption to cerebral blood flow because of occlusion of vessels in the neck, and cardiac inhibition secondary to nerve stimulation. The relative contributions of each of these theories to death in cases of hanging is still debated today.
Authors:
Renaud Clément; Margaret Redpath; Anny Sauvageau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1556-4029     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Forensic Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1268-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de sciences judiciaires et de médecine légale, Edifice Wilfrid-Derome, Montreal, QC, Canada.
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