Document Detail

Mechanics of the mitral valve strut chordae insertion region.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20670053     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Interest in developing durable mitral valve repair methods is growing, underscoring the need to better understand the native mitral valve mechanics. In this study, the authors investigate the dynamic deformation of the mitral valve strut chordae-to-anterior leaflet transition zone using a novel stretch mapping method and report the complex mechanics of this region for the first time. Eight structurally normal porcine mitral valves were studied in a pulsatile left heart simulator under physiological hemodynamic conditions -120 mm peak transvalvular pressure, 5 l/min cardiac output at 70 bpm. The chordal insertion region was marked with a structured array of 31 miniature markers, and their motions throughout the cardiac cycle were tracked using two high speed cameras. 3D marker coordinates were calculated using direct linear transformation, and a second order continuous surface was fit to the marker cloud at each time frame. Average areal stretch, principal stretch magnitudes and directions, and stretch rates were computed, and temporal changes in each parameter were mapped over the insertion region. Stretch distribution was heterogeneous over the entire strut chordae insertion region, with the highest magnitudes along the edges of the chordal insertion region and the least along the axis of the strut chordae. At early systole, radial stretch was predominant, but by mid systole, significant stretch was observed in both radial and circumferential directions. The compressive stretches measured during systole indicate a strong coupling between the two principal directions, explaining the small magnitude of the systolic areal stretch. This study for the first time provides the dynamic kinematics of the strut chordae insertion region in the functioning mitral valve. A heterogeneous stretch pattern was measured, with the mechanics of this region governed by the complex underlying collagen architecture. The insertion region seemed to be under stretch during both systole and diastole, indicating a transfer of forces from the leaflets to the chordae and vice versa throughout the cardiac cycle, and demonstrating its role in optimal valve function.
Muralidhar Padala; Michael S Sacks; Shasan W Liou; Kartik Balachandran; Zhaoming He; Ajit P Yoganathan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanical engineering     Volume:  132     ISSN:  1528-8951     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech Eng     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-30     Completed Date:  2010-12-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909584     Medline TA:  J Biomech Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  081004     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, 315 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332-0535, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Chordae Tendineae / physiology*
Computer Simulation
Elastic Modulus / physiology
Mitral Valve / physiology*
Models, Cardiovascular*
Pulsatile Flow / physiology*
Grant Support

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