Document Detail

Mechanical support for the failing heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3333396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has sponsored considerable research directed toward basic studies on the etiology of heart disease and atherosclerosis. While progress has been very encouraging there are still significant numbers of patients with end-stage heart disease. NHLBI initiated goal-oriented research activities on the artificial heart based upon the recommendation of the National Heart Advisory Council in 1964. The major goal of the Artificial Heart Program was to develop devices which could be effectively used to rehabilitate patients with end-stage heart disease. This paper will describe the evolution and specific program goals of the Artificial Heart Program and provide a description of the left ventricular assist system (LVAS) and total artificial heart (TAH) research efforts. Specific attention will be directed toward defining device requirements, descriptions of the blood pump and energy converter, control system operation and energy transmission methods. A summary of experimental results and current development status will also be provided.
F D Altieri; J T Watson; K D Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomaterials applications     Volume:  1     ISSN:  0885-3282     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomater Appl     Publication Date:  1986 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-03-23     Completed Date:  1989-03-23     Revised Date:  2011-04-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8813912     Medline TA:  J Biomater Appl     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases, Bethesda, MD 20892.
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MeSH Terms
Assisted Circulation*
Equipment Design
Heart Failure / surgery*
Heart, Artificial*
Heart-Assist Devices*
Prostheses and Implants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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