Document Detail


Mechanical stimulation of starfish sperm flagella.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1003087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The responses of starfish sperm flagella to mechanical stimulation with a microneedle were analysed. Flagellar movement was recorded by high-speed microcinematography and by stroboscopic observation. 2. The amplitude of the bending wave of a flagellum was restricted over its entire length when the microneedle was brought near to the flagellum at its proximal region. Beyond the restricted part, the amplitude of the wave, and the bend angle, became smaller than those of a normally beating flagellum, while the curvature was practically unchanged. 3. When the tip of the microneedle was in contact with the flagellum, propagation of the bending wave beyond the microneedle was inhibited. The part of the flagellum between the base and the microneedle continued beating in some cases and stopped beating in other cases. The flagellum beyond the arrested part stopped beating and remained straight. When the microneedle was removed, the bending wave which existed in the part of the flagellum proximal to the microneedle, or the wave which was passively formed de novo at the time of the removal of the microneedle, propagated over the arrested part towards the tip. 4. A flagellum amputated by a microneedle in a medium containing ATP continued beating with a small amplitude, small curvature, small bend angle and low frequency. When the amputated flagellum was passively bent by a microneedle at the region near the point of amputation, this bend propagated towards the tip with a constant bend angle. 5. The beating frequency of the flagellum could be modulated by the application of a rhythmic external force generated by vibrating a microneedle near the flagellum. The beating was completely synchronized with vibration of the microneedle in the frequency range from 23 Hz to 43 Hz.
Authors:
M Okuno; Y Hiramoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  1976 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-02-24     Completed Date:  1977-02-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
Animals
Male
Movement
Periodicity
Physical Stimulation
Sperm Tail / physiology*,  ultrastructure
Spermatozoa / physiology*
Starfish
Stress, Physiological
Vibration
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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