Document Detail


Mechanical properties of the colon: comparison of the features of the African and European colon in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3920126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The tensile properties of the colon have been examined using methods which gave repeatable results. They showed little change after storage in salt for up to five weeks. The burst strength remained unchanged along the length of the colon. The tensile strength fell distally, as the thickness of the colonic wall increased. The width at burst decreased distally as did the internal diameter. The visco-elastic property of stress relaxation was constant in all regions. The tensile property of the colon was well developed at birth, but fell with age as did the width at burst and the internal diameter. Stress relaxation was unaffected. Because there may be a mechanical abnormality of the colonic wall in diverticular disease and as Europeans are prone to this condition while Africans are not commonly affected, European and African colons were compared. The tensile strength in a Kampala group was greater than in an Edinburgh one, but fell significantly in both groups with age. The width at burst was greater in the Kampala group, but also declined with age. Stress-relaxation was similar in both groups. In view of the similar properties in childhood of colons from Edinburgh and Kampala, the strength of the adult African compared with European colons may derive later from environmental factors such as diet. There were, however, no differences between the colons with and without diverticular disease in European subjects over the age of 50 years.
Authors:
D A Watters; A N Smith; M A Eastwood; K C Anderson; R A Elton; J W Mugerwa
Related Documents :
18796986 - Isokinetic leg flexion and extension strength of university football players.
7973476 - Effects of strength training on neuromuscular function and disease activity in patients...
23646596 - Resistive switching memory based on three-dimensionally confined ag quantum dots embedd...
6478896 - Maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures in adolescents. normal values.
21938736 - Regional brain axial and radial diffusivity changes during development.
23574916 - Blood alcohol concentration and self-reported alcohol ingestion in acute poisoned patie...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gut     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0017-5749     ISO Abbreviation:  Gut     Publication Date:  1985 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-05-09     Completed Date:  1985-05-09     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985108R     Medline TA:  Gut     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  384-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Colon / physiology*,  physiopathology
Colon, Sigmoid / physiology
Diverticulum / physiopathology
Elasticity
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
Preservation, Biological
Scotland
Tensile Strength
Uganda
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Asthma in the elderly: diagnostic and treatment concerns.
Next Document:  Purification and characterization of pyocins from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.