Document Detail

Mechanical exposure concepts using force as the agent.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15250646     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper presents a model that addresses mechanical exposure with regard to the development of musculoskeletal disorders, defines exposure concepts, unifies a variety of exposures, and includes the concept of human activity. When force is used as an agent, concepts related to the measurement, transformation, and interaction of the agent with tissues can be developed for use in epidemiologic exposure assessment and hazard assessment. The importance of tissue response in the exposure modeling process and in the creation of exposure indices is highlighted. Unfortunately, the response of tissue to forces of varying amplitudes and time variation patterns are largely unknown and thus reduce the possibility to develop optimal exposure assessment metrics. Although the paper argues that an exposure index at the tissue level may be the most powerful, considerations of resources and current knowledge make exposure indices based on external exposure or internal exposure preferable choices.
Richard Wells; Dwayne Van Eerd; Goran Hägg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0355-3140     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Work Environ Health     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-14     Completed Date:  2004-10-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7511540     Medline TA:  Scand J Work Environ Health     Country:  Finland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-90     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Biomechanics / methods*
Human Engineering
Models, Biological*
Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Occupational Exposure / analysis*
Risk Assessment / methods*
Grant Support
R010H03708-02//PHS HHS
Comment In:
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2004 Jun;30(3):173-7   [PMID:  15250645 ]

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