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Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Stroke: Prospective Pilot Trial of the Solitaire FR Device while Under Conscious Sedation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22821923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The best approach between general anesthesia and conscious sedation to perform mechanical thrombectomy remains unknown. The goal of our study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy under conscious sedation in patients with acute ischemic stroke, using the Solitaire FR device, in a prospective, single-center, single-arm study.MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study included consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke due to a large artery occlusion within 6 hours of symptom onset for the anterior circulation, and within 24 hours for the posterior circulation. After intravenous thrombolysis (when no contraindications), thrombectomy was performed with the Solitaire device in patients under conscious sedation. Primary efficacy and safety end points were good functional outcome (mRS ≤2) at 3 months and mortality at 3 months. Secondary end points were recanalization (TICI ≥2) and failure rate.RESULTS:From May 2010 to July 2011, 36 patients were treated. Median baseline NIHSS score was 17.5. The occlusion site was MCA in 21 patients (58.4%), ICA-MCA tandem occlusion in 9 patients (25.0%), terminal ICA in 2 patients (5.5%), and basilar artery in 4 patients (11.1%). Twenty-three patients (63.9%) received intravenous thrombolysis. Superselective catheterization of the occluded vessel was not feasible in 5/36 cases (13.9%). Successful revascularization was achieved in 28/36 patients (77.8%). After 3 months, 22 patients (61.1%) showed good functional outcome (mRS ≤2) and the median NIHSS score was 8.5. Overall mortality rate at 3 months was 22.2% (8/36).CONCLUSIONS:In acute ischemic stroke, mechanical thrombectomy while under conscious sedation is feasible in a large percentage of cases (86.1%) and is associated with a short procedure delay and a high percentage of good functional outcomes at 3 months (61.1%).
Authors:
S Soize; K Kadziolka; L Estrade; I Serre; S Bakchine; L Pierot
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Service de Radiologie and Service de Neurologie, Hôpital Maison Blanche, Université de Reims, Reims, France.
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