Document Detail


Measuring patient-reported outcomes in psychosis: conceptual and methodological review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23028084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There are calls to use patient-reported outcomes (PROs) routinely across mental health services. However, the use of PROs in patients with psychosis has been questioned.
AIMS: To examine the concepts and measures of four widely used PROs: treatment satisfaction, subjective quality of life, needs for care and the quality of the therapeutic relationship.
METHOD: We conducted a literature search of academic databases on concepts, characteristics and psychometric properties of the four PROs in patients with psychosis.
RESULTS: Although numerous concepts and measures have been published, evidence on the methodological quality of existing PROs is limited. Measures designed to assess distinct PROs showed a considerable conceptual, operational and empirical overlap, and some of them also included specific aspects. The impact of symptoms and cognitive deficits appears unlikely to be of clinical significance.
CONCLUSIONS: The popularity of PROs has not been matched with progress in their conceptualisation and measurement. Based on current evidence, some recommendations can be made. Distinct and short measures with clinical relevance and sufficient psychometric properties should be preferred. Future research should optimise the validity and measurement precision of PROs, while reducing assessment burden.
Authors:
Ulrich Reininghaus; Stefan Priebe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science     Volume:  201     ISSN:  1472-1465     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  2013-03-05     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342367     Medline TA:  Br J Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  262-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cognition Disorders / complications,  psychology
Humans
Needs Assessment
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) / methods*
Patient Satisfaction
Physician-Patient Relations
Psychometrics
Psychotic Disorders / complications,  diagnosis,  psychology*
Quality of Life / psychology
Questionnaires
Self Report*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
RTF/01/073//Department of Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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