Document Detail


Measuring infant attachment security in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta): adaptation of the attachment Q-set.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20853398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
John Bowlby defined offspring-parent attachment as a relationship in which an infant or child uses one or a few preferred adults as a secure base from which to explore and as a haven of safety. He defined attachment security in terms of confidence in the adult's availability and responsiveness and the smooth organization of exploration and proximity seeking. Developmental psychologists have found this perspective productive in both observational and laboratory research. At the same time, they emphasize that such a construct cannot be operationalized in terms of one or a few behaviors. Instead, naturalistic observations of human infant attachment typically employ the Q-sort method to develop the Attachment q-set (AQS), 90 behaviorally descriptive items sorted in terms of how characteristic each item is of the infant's typical behavior. Meta-analyses of research using the AQS attest to its reliability and validity. This article reports an adaptation of the AQS to the task of assessing infant attachment security in nonhuman primates and illustrates its use. The availability of comparable measures of attachment security will contribute to an expanded understanding of patterns of attachment behavior in nonhuman primate societies and will facilitate interaction between comparative and developmental psychologists.
Authors:
James J Warfield; Kiyomi Kondo-Ikemura; Everett Waters
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review     Date:  2010-09-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of primatology     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1098-2345     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Primatol.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  2011-03-15     Revised Date:  2013-05-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108949     Medline TA:  Am J Primatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. jw91@columbia.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal*
Behavioral Research / methods*
Macaca mulatta / psychology*
Object Attachment*
Q-Sort / statistics & numerical data
Social Behavior
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P40 RR003640-13/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01-MH059397/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; RR-03640/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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