Document Detail

Measuring the food service environment: development and implementation of assessment tools.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20209734     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The food environment is increasingly being implicated in the obesity epidemic, though few reported measures of it exist. In order to assess the impact of the food environment on food intake, valid measures must be developed and tested. The current study describes the development of a food service environment assessment tool and its implementation in a community setting.
METHODS: A descriptive study with mixed qualitative and quantitative methods at a large, North American university campus was undertaken. Measures were developed on the basis of a conceptual model of nutrition environments. Measures of community nutrition environment were the number, type and hours of operation of each food service outlet on campus. Measures of consumer nutrition environment were food availability, food affordability, food promotion and nutrition information availability. Seventy-five food service outlets within the geographic boundaries were assessed.
RESULTS: Assessment tools could be implemented in a reasonable amount of time and showed good face and content validity. The food environments were described and measures were grouped so that food service outlet types could be compared in terms of purchasing convenience, cost/value, healthy food promotion and health. Food service outlet types that scored higher in purchasing convenience and cost/value tended to score lower in healthy food promotion and health.
CONCLUSION: This study adds evidence that food service outlet types that are convenient to consumers and supply high value (in terms of calories per dollar) tend to be less health-promoting. Results from this study also suggest the possibility of characterizing the food environment according to the type of food service outlet observed.
Leia M Minaker; Kim D Raine; Sean B Cash
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    2009 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-08     Completed Date:  2010-03-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  421-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Health Promotion Studies, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Choice Behavior
Evaluation Studies as Topic*
Restaurants* / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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