Document Detail

Measuring factors affecting grip strength in a Taiwan Chinese population and a comparison with consolidated norms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18947819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We inquire whether assessment of an individual's upper limb function may be improved by using specific regional norms rather than consolidated global norms. Grip strengths were measured in a sample of 482 adults across Taiwan, and compared with consolidated norms. To ensure comparable conditions, our procedures were those recommended by the American Society of Hand Therapists (ASHT). Overall the mean grip strength of our sample was significantly (male 25%, female 27%) lower than consolidated norms derived from largely Caucasian populations. We investigated variables that might relate to this divergence. Results of ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that gender, age and palm length were effective predictors in grip strength. A regression equation was derived. When other variables were matched, palm length appeared an important discriminating factor. Further anthropometric and socio-economic factors also need investigation. Specific regional norms should provide more accuracy for ergonomists and health workers assessing an individual's upper limb function, and may avoid errors in appraisal. This paper suggests grip strength values for Taiwan.
Shu-Wen Wu; Su-Fang Wu; Hong-Wei Liang; Zheng-Ting Wu; Sophia Huang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied ergonomics     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1872-9126     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Ergon     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-13     Completed Date:  2009-06-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0261412     Medline TA:  Appl Ergon     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  811-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Multimedia Design, Tajen University, 20 Wei-Shin Road, Yan-Pu Hsian, Pintung 907, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Hand Strength / physiology*
Middle Aged
Reference Values
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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