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Measuring bone quality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24072603     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Osteoporosis is defined as a reduction in bone mass and impairment of bone quality that lead to bone fragility and fracture risk. Bone quality includes a hierarchy of properties from macroscopic to nanoscale level. Several techniques have been developed in an attempt to measure these non-density properties. Densitometry, high-resolution images (radiography, CT scan), and MRI can measure the geometry and microarchitecture of bone. Tissue mineralization and composition can be assessed by use of microradiography, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, or Raman microspectroscopy. Finite-element analysis is an image-based method that enables calculation of bone strength. More recently, microindentation has enabled direct estimation of bone material strength, measured in the cortical bone of the tibia. Most of these techniques are of limited use to clinics, although finite-element analysis and microindentation have high potential for clinical use and can enable more comprehensive and accurate evaluation of bone fragility and fracture susceptibility.
Authors:
Elisa Torres-Del-Pliego; Laia Vilaplana; Roberto Güerri-Fernández; Adolfo Diez-Pérez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current rheumatology reports     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1534-6307     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Rheumatol Rep     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888970     Medline TA:  Curr Rheumatol Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  373     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Hospital del Mar-IMIM, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, RETICEF, Instituto Carlos III, Catalonia, Spain, 97529@parcdesalutmar.cat.
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